Zamzam Studies and Research Center in SGS would be to supply the essential scientific options for effective tracking and management of the aquifer feeding the Zamzam well and also to guarantee the purity and safety of supply. The Center is currently concentrating on the following aspects of management of the aquifer, the Zamzam supply and distribution system:
Tracking and handling demand to Reduce depletion
With the growing availability of cheap air travel, the amount of Muslims visiting the Holy City of Makkah has grown dramatically over the last three years, from approximately 400,000 annually from the mid-1970’s to more than many million because of the mid-1990’s.
Water levels from the Zamzam Well were previously tracked by a straightforward drum hydrograph, but that has been replaced with a more complex real-time multi-parameter monitoring method, making digital documents of water level’ electrical conductivity, pH, Eh and Temperature. The data logger is available by SGS via the world wide web and the information could be analyzed and downloaded without visiting the well. A network of additional observation wells has also been set up during Wadi Ibrahim to track the reaction of the whole aquifer system into the recharge and discharge. A few of those tunnels are fitted with automatic electronic water level recorders.
With the rising amount of visitors, require for Zamzam water has always been increasing. SGS’ task would be to judge sustainable good return and recommend steps to prevent additional growth in demand to make sure that sustainable distribution limits aren’t exceeded.
Urbanization of this Wadi Ibrahim catchment and its impact on recharge
In arid climates, where there isn’t any permanent surface drainage, natural recharge is restricted to rain from occasional, short storms.
The face area or ‘outcrop’ of this Wadi Ibrahim alluvium covers just 60 square kilometers. Urban growth of Makkah has expanded over the wadi bed, decreasing the meager quantity of rainwater infiltration into the underlying aquifer because of surface sealing and directing of rainwater into storm drainage systems.
Modeling of aquifer recharge is hence vital to make sure that demand and supply for Zamzam water are suitably balanced. The Zamzam Studies and Research Center is consequently assessing and measuring the effects of urbanization on recharge, and creating recommendations for preparation controls to restrict additional advancement on the outcrop of this wadi alluvium aquifer.
Direction of storm drainage Concerning recharge
Storm drains are all designed especially to avoid flooding by catching rainwater falling sealed urban surfaces like streets and structures, and take away the water into wadis or to protected areas where it could be permitted to flooding, infiltrate into the ground or evaporate.
Maintaining groundwater quality and movement through construction controls
Makkah is uncommon among Saudi Araban cities due to its high percentage of comparatively high-rise buildings, a few of which are centuries old. High-rise growth proceeds to introduce a way to urban growth within the Wadi Ibrahim catchment are, but the profound foundations needed can expose the water to pollution and confine groundwater movement. Strict construction controls are consequently required for permitting high rise developments in sensitive locations, suggested by close real-time maps and versions of the water table altitude calculated by monitoring well information, and from hazard assessments of the probable effect on groundwater quality. Engineering geology maps of Makkah also help highlight zones of reduced development risk.
The Zamzam Studies and Research Center intends to introduce solutions to these complicated and inter-related issues through a contemporary, multifaceted and integrated strategy to water catchment conservation and management. During these activities, the quality and amount of distribution from the Zamzam Well can continue to be continued to meet the spiritual demands of this world’s one billion Muslims.
Updating of Zamzam storage and pumping system
Already, two stages of updating have been finished, and the next stage is in active consideration. Furthermore, the Center rigorously stick to these actions and ensures strict excellent assurance measures.
Optimization of Zamzam distribution and supply
All pilgrims take Zamzam water back house typically in plastic containers of 10 or 20 g dimensions; they fill themselves out of several filling factors, located around the Al-Haram and in a central filling station. This distribution process is needing in hygiene and offsets the attempts of therapy. Thus, Zamzam Studies and Research Center is in the process of analysis of their existing filling system and style of updating which will minimize direct individual participation and also discourage peddling by venders.