(23-33 Hijriah/634-644 AD) Islamic Caliphate After Muhammad: Umar
At the very last days of his life, Caliph Abu Bakr asked lots of people occupied. “What do you consider Umar?” His soul is great, although everyone named Umar was difficult. Following that, Abu Bakr asked Uthman to write will his successor was Umar. It appears that Abu Bakr fear if Muslims would disagree if the will were not written by him.
From the year 13 AH or 634 AD, Abu Bakr expired, and Umar became Caliph. If folks refer to Abu Bakr as “Khalifatur-Apostle”, today they predict Omar “Commander of the Faithful” (Leader of the Believers). Umar converted to Islam. At that moment, when she noticed her sister chanting the Koran, he went to kill Muhammad, however, touch the center.
While in Madinah, Umar-with-the most feared Hamzah individuals Quraish. Both are prepared to fight with Prophet. It’s also the companions of the Prophet which go once transferred. He challenged anyone to catch up if you would like to “mourn his mother, his wife, and her son yelling shed.”
He has to be the chief of all. Amid fighting at the area with Syria, the Islamic forces at that moment. Umar didn’t preach that Abu Bakr has expired and he is the Deputy. He didn’t need to disturb the attention of those troops that fought the Roman empire.
In Yarmouk, Abu Bakr’s choice to shoot up headquarters in the website and the creativity and guts of Khalid Bin Walid brings outcomes. Muslims located in the hills a fortress, although the valley had been inhabited by the Romans. Tens of thousands of Roman troops-both Syria and troops brought from Greece-died.
Roman Commander, Theodore Gregory-Arabs named it “Jirri Tudur” – needs to prevent casualties. He had been challenged to a duel Khalid. In a conflict of two guys, Khalid sword was vulnerable by Gregory spears. He fetched a sword. Gregory requested Khalid regarding his motivation and around Islam when war poised.
Hear the response, Khalid, facing hundreds of thousands of Roman troops and Muslim, Gregory embraced Islam. He studied Islam had their prayers two rak’ahs. Gregory died at the hands of the army. Even though a range of buddies died there, on the other hand, the forces play a significant in Yarmouk. Are daughter of Abu Sufyan, Juwariah.
Umar subsequently fired Khalid, and Abu Ubaidah appoints a replacement as Commander in Chief. Umar worried, Khalid will be greatly extolled by Muslims. It contradicts Islam’s fundamentals. Khalid accepts this choice. “I’m not for Umar jihad,” he explained. He continued to assist Abu Ubaidah about the battle. Damascus mastered. By utilizing a “human ladder,” Khalid forces were able to penetrate the fortress of Aleppo. Emperor Heraclius forced to escape to Constantinople, leaving the whole of Syria who’ve mastered the Roman.
Ruler of Jerusalem also gives up. They will be sent it in Islam’s leader. So Omar went to Jerusalem. Troops were denied by him. Can it be an odd sight? Critics of Jerusalem welcomed with pomp ceremony. Islamic forces seem tasteful. They are prosperous after beating Syria. Umar using a dress came riding a camel that was red. He was accompanied by a maid. They bring their bag of water and food.
Simplicity Umar was encouraged closeness of not Muslims. Furthermore, the Church of Egypt and Syria along with the Coptic Church is currently anticipating the coming of Islam. During Roman rule, they’re oppressed, since the Church was recognized by the kingdom. Thus, Islam shortly spread quickly from the leadership of Memphis (Cairo), Alexandria into Tripoli, under the control of Amr bin Ash and Zubair, son of Abu Bakr.
On the East, Saad ibn Abi Waqas forces seized Ctesiphon-center of the realm of Persia, in 637 AD. Three princesses attracted to Medina and had been married to Muhammad, son of Umar Abdullah, son, Abu Bakr and son Hussein Ali. His wife and Hussein gave birth. Inherited also the blood of the kings of Persia and Ibrahim from his dad, and also the blood of the Prophet Muhammad Zainal Ismail in the mother. That explains the reason why the Iranian Shiite embracing. Today, by Persia, Islam spread to Central Asia, from Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, and east to the land of Afghanistan.
Umar died in the year 23 AH or even 644 AD. A Parsi source stabbed from the mosque and Firuz after the morning prayer. Six people died, until Firus. A number of the factors for the murder. This is the killing of Muslims by Muslims to be certain.
Umar isn’t just a straightforward, but also a daring ijtihad. Ie, doing things Apostle. For the authorities, divisions were shaped by him. He distributes products pamoasan troops to the war, but place them a salary. Umar keeps collecting, and begin Hijri calendar. Also, he ordered prayers.
Based on history, a period Ali was curious to observe the lights of this mosque lit during the night in the month of Ramadan. “O God, glow since the grave of Umar that our mosques lit up,” stated Ali
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