The Quran; Arabic: القرآن al-qurʾan, literally meaning “the recitation”), also transliterated Qur’an, Koran, Al-Coran, Coran, Kuran, and Al-Qur’a, is the fundamental spiritual text of Islam, which Muslims consider to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله, Allah). It’s regarded as the best piece of literature.
History Of Al Quran: The Background of Quran
The Quran consists of poetry (Ayat) which constitute 114 chapters (suras) of unequal length that are categorized either as Meccan (المكية) or Medinan (المدينية) based upon the location and period of the asserted disclosure. Muslims consider the Quran to be demonstrated through angel Jibrīl (Gabriel) in God to Muhammad slowly over a period of approximately 23 years commencing on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and finishing in 632 CE, the year of his departure.
After Muhammad’s death order of the Caliph Abu Bakr compiled into a publication the Quran and in the proposal of his successor Umar. Following the second Caliph Umar expired, Hafsa, the daughter of Caliph Umar and Muhammad’s widow, was entrusted with all that text.
When the third Caliph Uthman began noticing slight differences in pronunciation of the Quranic Arabic by those whose dialect was not that of the Quraish, he sought Hafsa’s permission to use her text and commissioned a committee to make a normal copy of the text of Quran to which attached diacritical marks ensured correct pronunciation, and to be set as the standard dialect, the Quraish dialect, now called Fus’ha (Modern Standard Arabic) (see Origin and evolution of the Quran).
Five of these original Qurans (Mus’haf) were sent to the significant Muslim cities of the age, with Uthman keeping one for his use in Medina. Any variations to text ordered and were invalidated to be destroyed, the rest of the versions of the Quran copied by scribes were from this codex. This practice of formalization is referred to as the “Uthmanic recension.” Most scholars accept the Quran text’s form as the version.
Muslims regard the Quran as the Primary miracle of Muhammad, the proof of his prophethood and the finale of a series of divine messages that started with Adam, regarded in Islam as the first prophet, and continued with the Suhuf Ibrahim, the Tawrat (Torah or Pentateuch) of Musa, the Zabur of Dawud, and the Injil of Isa.
The Quran assumes familiarity with narratives recounted in Christian and Jewish scriptures, summarizing some and in certain instances presenting interpretations and accounts of events. The Quran describes itself emphasizing the significance of an event over its narrative sequence and sometimes offering detailed accounts of events that are specific.