History Of Al Quran: Etymology and Meaning
This is a verbal noun (maṣdar) from this verb qaraʾa (قرأ), meaning “that he read” or “he recited.” The Syriac equal is qeryānā, which describes “scripture reading” or “lesson”. While many Western scholars believe that the phrase to be derived from the Syriac, most of the Muslim governments maintain the source of this phrase is qaraʾa itself. Whatever the situation, it’d turned into an Arabic term with Muhammad’s lifetime. A significant meaning of this term is the “action of reciting”, as represented in an ancient Quranic passage: “It is for Us to collect it and to recite it (qurʾānahu)”.
In other words, the term refers to “a single passing recited [from Muhammad]”. Its liturgical context can be seen in several passages, such as: “When al-qurʾān is recited, listen to it and also keep quiet.” The term may also assume that the significance of a codified scripture when noted with different scriptures like the Torah and Gospel.
The expression also has closely connected synonyms which are used through the Quran. Each synonym owns its distinct significance, but its usage will converge with that of qurʾān in some specific contexts. In the large majority of contexts, usually with a definite article (al-), the word is referred to as the “revelation” (wahy), that which has been “sent down” (tanzīl) at intervals. Other related words are: dhikr, meaning “remembrance,” used to refer to the Quran in the sense of a reminder and warning; and ḥikma, meaning “wisdom”, sometimes referring to the revelation or part of it.
The Quran has many different names. Among those found in the text itself are al-furqān (“discernment” or “criterion”), al-hudah (“the guide”), ḏikrallāh (“the remembrance of God”), al-ḥikmah (“the wisdom”), and kalāmallāh (“the word of God”). Another term is al-kitāb (“the book”), though it is also used in the Arabic language for other scriptures, such as the Torah and the Gospels. The term muṣḥaf (“written work”) is often used to refer to particular Quranic manuscripts but is also used in the Quran to identify earlier revealed books.