A Brief History Of Islam – Part 1: The Prophet Muhammad Salallahu Alaihi Wassalam
Around the year 570 the kid who’d be appointed Muhammad and who’d eventually become the Prophet of the world’s great religions, Islam, was born into a household belonging to a clan of Quraish, the ruling tribe of Mecca, a city in the Hijaz region of northwestern Arabia.
The site a shrine of roots, of the Kaabah, Mecca had, together with the decrease of Arabia, Ethiopians, and become a significant center of commerce with such forces as the Sassanians, Byzantines. Consequently, merchant families dominated the city, among whom the men of Quraish were preeminent.
Muhammad’s father, “Abd Allah ibn” Abd al-Muttalib, died before the boy was born; his mother, Aminah, died when he was six. The orphan was consigned to care for the grandfather. Following his grandfather’s passing, his uncle raised Muhammad. As was customary, the kid Muhammad has been sent to reside using a Bedouin family for a year or 2. This custom, followed until recently other towns of the Hijaz, and by families of Mecca Taif, had important implications for Muhammad. Besides enduring the hardships of desert life, he acquired a taste for the rich language so loved by the Arabs, whose speech was their proudest art, and also learned the patience and forbearance of the herdsmen, whose life of solitude he first shared, came to understand and appreciate.
About the year 590, then in his twenties, Muhammad, entered the service of a merchant widow named Khadijah as her factor engaged to the north with trading caravans. He had and married her.
In his forties, he started to retire to meditate in a cave on Mount Hira outside Mecca, where the first of Islam’s events took place. One day, as he was sitting in the cave, he heard a voice, later identified as that of the Angel Gabriel, which ordered him to:
“Recite: Recite in the name of your Lord who created -. Created man from a clinging substance.” (Quran 96:1-2)
Every time the command was repeated, although three times Muhammad pleaded his inability to do so. Muhammad recited the words of what are the first five verses of the chapter of the Quran – words which proclaim God to be the Source of all knowledge and the Creator of man.
At first, his experience was divulged by Muhammad to his wife and his group. But, as more revelations enjoined him to declare God’s oneness his following grew, later, although at first among the poor and the slaves among the men of Mecca. Those he did later, and the revelations he received at this moment, are incorporated in the Quran, Islam’s Scripture.
Not everyone accepted God’s message. Even there were, and the message was opposed by merchants. The opposition, however, merely served to sharpen his comprehension of Islam differed from paganism, and Muhammad’s sense of mission. The belief in the Oneness of God was paramount in Islam. The verses of the Quran proclaim His compassion, warn those who deny it of punishment and stress God’s uniqueness. They affirm the Judgment when the Judge, God, will weigh in works of each guy and the balance the faith, punishing the transgressor and rewarding the faithful. Because the Quran emphasized man’s moral responsibility and rejected polytheism, in images, it presented a challenge to the Meccans that were worldly.