A Brief History Of Islam – Part 2: Hijrah
The resistance to him reached a pitch which, fearful for their security, he delivered a number of his adherents, after Muhammad had preached for at least a decade. There, the ruler extended them protection, the memory of that has been cherished by Muslims. But the persecution worsened. Muhammad’s followers were tortured, and harassed, abused. Seventy of Muhammad’s followers set off in the hope of establishing a news stage of the movement to the town of Yathrib, by his orders. This town that was later to be renamed Medina (“The City”). Afterward, together with his friend, Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq, he, in the autumn of 622, set off to join the emigrants. This event coincided with the leaders to kill him.
At Muhammad’s home to discover that his cousin, ‘Ali, had taken his place, the plotters arrived in Mecca. The Meccans set and set off in pursuit. Abu Bakr and Muhammad had taken refuge in a cave. Without noticing it by the cave, the Meccans passed by the protection of God, and Muhammad and Abu Bakr proceeded to Medina. There, a throng of Medinans, as well as welcomed them.
This was the Hijrah – anglicized as Hegira – usually, but inaccurately, translated as “Flight” – from which the Muslim era is dated. The Hijrah was not a flight, but a migration that marks not just a break in history – the beginning of the era – but also, for the Muslims and Muhammad, a method of life. Henceforth, the community’s principle was not to be blood kinship, but the brotherhood of all Muslims. The men who accompanied Muhammad on the Hijrah were called the Muhajiroon – “those that made the Hijrah” or the “Emigrants” – while those in Medina who became Muslims were called the Ansar, or “Helpers.”
Muhammad was well familiar with the situation in Medina. Earlier various of its inhabitants came to offer you the pilgrimage, and the group who came from Medina heard his call and accepted Islam, as the Prophet would take this chance to call pilgrims to Islam. They invited Muhammad to settle in Medina. After the Hijrah, the Medinans impressed that their allies and the tribes closed ranks as, on his supporters, Muhammad and March 15, 624.
The battle, which happened near Badr a small town southwest of Medina, had outcomes that are significant. In the first place, the Meccans were, routed by the forces, outnumbered three to one. The discipline brought home for the very first time, possibly to the Meccans. One of the tribes that had pledged support to the Muslims but had revealed lukewarm once the fighting began was expelled after the conflict. Individuals who claimed to be allies of the Muslims, but opposed them, were served warning: membership from the community enforced the obligation of support that was overall.
The Meccans struck back. They met with the Muslims at Uhud, a ridge. After initial successes, the Muslims were driven back and the Prophet. The Meccans, with an army of ten thousand, attacked Medina again but as the Muslims were not defeated. At the Battle of the Trench, a signal victory was scored by the Muslims by introducing a form of defense. On Medina’s side from they dug a trench deep to the archers without exposing itself to clear for the Meccan cavalry. After a siege, the Meccans were made to retire. Medina was in the hands of the Muslims.